Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti is popularly known as the Prakash Parv. It is celebrated to commemorate the birth of the tenth Sikh Guru Shri Gobind Singh Ji. It is one of the most significant Sikh festivals.
Shri Guru Gobind Singh was the only son of the ninth Sikh Guru, Guru Teg Bahadur and Mata Gujri. His birth, as per scriptures available, is documented on Poh Sudi 7th, 23rd Poh 1723 Bikrami Samvat which is believed to be December 22nd, 1666.
He was born in Patna, in the state of Bihar. He was the tenth Sikh Guru. He breathed his last on October 7, 1708.
When is Guru Gobind Singh Birthday?
25th December 2017
How is Shri Govind Singh Jayanti Celebrated?
A lot happens on this day. Following are just a few things that happen on this day:
After the Prabhat Pheri, huge processions are taken out. These processions go through the local markets.
A vibrant display of the Sikh culture and the Sikh martial art is demonstrated in these processions.
According to the Sikh Calendar, Guru Teg Bahadur along with his beloved wife Mata Gujri, mother Mata Nanaki Ji, brother-in-law Kirpal Chand and lot of devotees arrived in Patna a few months prior to the birth of Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji.
According to the stories, Mata Gujri was in the advanced stages of gestation. Guru Teg Bahadur Ji, thus went alone to Assam and Bengal leaving his family behind in Patna.
But before leaving Patna, the Guru decided that if a son will be born in the family, he will be named as Gobind Rai (in the memory of his grandfather, Guru Hargobind Singh Ji).
According to the traditions, Guru Hargobind had prophesied at the time of Guru Teg Guru Bahadur’s birth that he will be blessed with a baby boy who will defend the people against the oppression of the Mughal Rulers.
Guru Teg Bahadur got the news of the birth of Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji, his son when he was present in Dhaka (then Dacca) accomplishing some organizational work.
As the news of the birth of Shri Gobind Singh Ji spread, devotees traveled to Patna to have a glimpse of the new-born, Gobind Rai.
Crawling back to the stories, it is said that on the birth of Gobind Rai, a Muslim Pir(mystic) in Punjab named Pir Bhikhan Shah, performed his prayers in the East direction instead of the usual West Direction.
He told his followers that God has revealed himself in the form of a newborn in the city of Patna. Later, the pair himself went to Patna to pay respects to Gobind Rai, who then became the tenth Sikh Guru.
According to the legend, the Pir held two bowls of water and milk as the symbol of Islam and Hinduism. Gobind Rai touched both the bowls and smiled.
Gobind Singh Ji was a great warrior. Apart from being a warrior, he was a renowned poet and a philosopher. He started the Khalsa order. Khalsa is the holiest and the highest order that can be reached by Sikhs. A person following Khalsa must abide by the following rules:
Not to trim the hair growth, both on the face and head.
A Khalsa will not eat halal meat
A Khalsa will remain loyal to his spouse and not indulge in any extramarital affairs.
A Khalsa will not consume anything made of tobacco or alcohol, directly or indirectly.
He is credited with the completion of the sacred scripture, the Guru Granth Sahib, in the final form that we know it today. He wrote a lot of scriptures including the following inspirational poem.
"Deh Shiva var mohe, Shubh karman se kabhu na taroon kabhoon na daroon, Jab jaye laroon, Nishchay kar apni jeet karoon aru Sikh ho apne hi mun ko eh lalach ho gun to uchro jab aav ki audh nidan baney ati hi ran main to jujh maro"
Meaning: O Lord Shiv, give me this boon that I never ever turn away from doing good deeds. That I shall not fear when I go into combat. And with determination I am victorious.
That I may teach myself this creed alone, to speak only of Thy (almighty lord Waheguru) praises.