2020 सुभाष चंद्र बोस जयंती
About Subhash Chandra Bose
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, ‘The fiery Indian Revolutionary’, ‘The great nationalist leader’, or ‘The most celebrated freedom fighter’ was a selfless leader, a great patriot and a great hero of India. He was a highly influential and charismatic leader who was called as Netaji because of his far-sightedness and his strategically leading the Indian National Army (INA) at the time when the nation was struggling for its independence. Netaji was initially the member of the Indian National Congress (INC) but soon left the party because of certain ideological differences. During the time of World War II, he sought assistance and help from the Nazi leadership in Germany. The sudden disappearance of Netaji evoked various mysteries about his death and led to possibilities and myths of his survival.
Subhash Chandra Bose Birthday
Every year, the birth anniversary of Subhash Chandra Bose or Subhash Chandra Bose Jayanti is celebrated with great fervor, joy, and respect by the citizens of India and the Government of India. In the history of the nation, Netaji is remembered as a great legendary figure who had played a significant role in the freedom movement of India.
Biography of Subhash Chandra Bose
Subhash Chandra Bose was born on 23rd of January in the year 1897 in the region of Cuttack, Orissa. At the age of 48, it is believed that the great Indian nationalist died in a plane crash on 18th of August in the year 1945. However, whether it is true or not, no one knows till date. He was the 9th child of Mr. Jankinath Bose and Mrs. Prabhavati Devi among their 14 children.
Netaji gained huge recognition when he was the leader of INC during the 1920s and 1930s. From the year 1938 to 1939, he worked as the President of INC. But soon in 1939, he was expelled from INC and was arrested by the British. After this, he sought assistance from Imperial Japan and Nazi Germany to fulfill the mission of setting India free by British rule. He attained success in forming the INA with the support of Japan.
Childhood, Education and Early Life of Subhas Chandra Bose
In the year 1902, Subhas Chandra Bose started his schooling from Protestant European School. He first graduated from Ravenshaw Collegiate School being a merit holder and then attained further education from the Presidency College. He was expelled from the Presidency College due to his nationalistic ideologies and character. Soon after that to complete B.A. Degree in the field of Philosophy he joined Scottish Church College (University of Calcutta) in 1918.
Afterward, he appeared for the Civil Services Examination and for this Netaji went to Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge in England. He got selected by acquiring the top 4th ranking position in the Civil Services Examination but again due to his deep rooted patriotism, he denied the position of working under the British government. He then left the job of Civil Service and returned back to his home country India where he made a lot of efforts for promoting the Bengal Provincial Congress Committee and for the same he also started famous newspaper named ‘Swaraj’.
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Contributions of Subhash Chandra Bose
Subhash Chandra Bose had made several contributions in the Indian National Movement as well as in the struggle of India for independence.
- With his great efforts, he founded the Azad Hind Fauj (Indian National Army) to free India from British rule and from this he attained a leading and legendary status in the eyes of the Indian masses.
- Netaji also declared the Independence league formation and due to this, he was arrested in the year 1930 at the time of Civil Disobedience movement.
- Once the Gandhi-Irwin pact was signed in 1931, Netaji got released from jail but soon he was arrested again under Bengal Regulation. As a result of various movements, Subhash Ji had to leave India from where he then went to Europe.
- During his Europe journey, he established several centers in the various capital cities of Europe in order to promote and develop the politico-cultural associations between Europe and India.
- After the entry of Netaji was permitted to India, he was again imprisoned for a year. In the year 1937, Congress attained power in the General Elections and thus Subhash Ji was released.
- In the year 1938, Subhash Chandra Bose was elected as the President of Congress and during his session in October, he also set up a National Planning Committee.
- With a strategic vision, Subhash Chandra Bose reached Germany in the year 1941 and developed a friendly association with Japan and Germany in order to seek their assistance and cooperation to fight against the British Empire.
- In the year 1942, he started daily broadcasting through Radio Berlin as a means to instill great zeal and enthusiasm in the masses for independence.
- In 1943, Subhash Ji strengthened the Indian Independence Movement in East Asia and formed the Azad Hind Fauj (Indian National Army) which comprises of people who were the Indian prisoners of war.
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What is The Mystery About his Death?
From a number of decades, the death of Subhash Chandra Bose was a mystery which never got solved. There are several stories and assumptions which are associated with the death of Subhas Chandra Bose. Following are the main theories regarding the mysterious death of Netaji which might hold some accuracy that how the independence leader died.
Mystery #1. Died in Plane Crash in Taiwan
One of the most believed story surrounding the death of Subhas Chandra Bose which was also stated by the Government of India in a response to RTI (Right To Information) was that Subhash Ji died in the year 1945 on 18th of August in a plane crash in Taiwan and the body of Netaji was cremated on the very same day and later the ashes were sent to Renukoji temple in Tokyo.
Mystery #2. Tortured and Killed
As per other myths and according to the book titled, Bose: The Indian Samurai, it was stated that Subhash Chandra Bose did not die in a plane crash rather he died due to the torture made by Britishers in the prison.
Mystery #3. Statement of French Secret Service: Bose was Alive
As per the French Secret Service, it was mentioned that Netaji was alive in the year 1947. It was also stated that he was the member of a Japanese organization named Hikari Kikan and also the ex-chief of the Indian Independence League. But in response to that, both Indian Government and British Empire stayed firm on their point that Subhash Ji died in a plane crash only.
Mystery #4. Bose Living as a Hermit in Faizabad Till 1985
It was stated by several people that Netaji was living as a hermit in the regions of Faizabad under the name of Gumnami Baba or Bhagwanji and then he died in Faizabad in the year 1985.
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Subhash Chandra Bose Quotes & Slogans
- It is blood alone that can pay the price of freedom. Give me blood and I will give you freedom!
- India is calling. Blood is calling to blood. Get up, we have no time to lose. Take up your arms! we shall carve our way through the enemy's ranks, or if God wills, we shall die a martyr's death. And in our last sleep, we shall kiss the road that will bring our Army to Delhi.
- When we stand, the Azad Hind Fauj has to be like a wall of granite; when we march, the Azad Hind Fauj has to be like a steamroller.
- Men, money, and materials cannot by themselves bring victory or freedom. We must have the motive-power that will inspire us to brave deeds and heroic exploits.
- One individual may die for an idea, but that idea will, after his death, incarnate itself in a thousand lives.
- Life loses half its interest if there is no struggle-if there are no risks to be taken.
- Reality is, after all, too big for our frail understanding to fully comprehend. Nevertheless, we have to build our life on the theory which contains the maximum truth.
He was the leader of the masses. And, this is why India celebrates his birthday to commemorate the great patriot that was Subhash Chandra Bose.